Synthesis and optical properties of ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanotube arrays

Hung Chou Liao, Pai Chia Kuo, Chin Ching Lin, San-Yuan Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Heterostructured ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanotube arrays with the diameters of 50-80 nm and lengths up to 1 μm were synthesized by a two-step chemical reaction. First, the ZnO layer was grown by atomic-layer deposition. It was found that the preferred growth orientation was strongly dependent on the substrate temperature. After sulfuration conversion from arrayed ZnO nanorods, the ZnS-ZnO composite arrays can be successfully prepared, as evidenced from transmission electron microscopy. This confirms that the ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanotube-arrayed structure has been fabricated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis indicates that the binding energy of S 2p is the same as that of bulk single-crystal ZnS and that the Zn 2p3/2 peak is shifted about 0.5 eV due to the formation of Zn-S bonds. Photoluminescence shows the relative-intensity ratio of ultraviolet emission (IUV) to deep-level emission (IDLE) for ZnO/ZnS core-shell nanotubes can be enhanced to be nine times that of original ZnO nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2198-2201
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures
Issue number5
StatePublished - 9 Oct 2006

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