Synthesis and light emitting properties of sulfide-containing polyfluorenes and their nanocomposites with CdSe nanocrystals: A simple process to suppress keto-defect

Chung He Yang, Chetan Jagdish Bhongale, Cheng Hsuan Chou, Sheng-Hsiung Yang, Chih Nan Lo, Teng-Ming Chen, Chain-Shu Hsu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new series of sulfide-containing polyfluorene homopolymers and copolymers (PFS, PF1, PF3 and PF4) comprising 9,9-di[11-(decylsulfanyl)undecyl] fluorene, 9,9-dihexylfluorene, triphenylamine or benzothiadiazole moieties were synthesized by Ni(0)-mediated Yamamoto-coupling and palladium-catalyzed Suzuki polymerizations. Three other polyfluorenes (PF2, PF5 and PFC6) without sulfur atom in the alkyl side chains were also synthesized by a similar method for comparison purpose. These fluorene-based polymers were characterized using FT-IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, DSC, TGA, photoluminescence (PL) and electroluminescence (EL) spectroscopies. The synthesized polymers PFS and PF1-PF3 emit blue light at around 440-468 nm, while copolymers PF4 and PF5 emit green light at around 540 nm. In annealing experiments, these polymer films show better stability against thermal oxidation than polymer PFC6. Sulfide-containing polymers show not only good electroluminescent color stability, but their EL spectra also remain unchanged at high driving voltage. A multi-layer electroluminescent device with the configuration of ITO/PEDOT/PF1/CsF/Al exhibited a stable sky-blue emission with color coordinates (0.21, 0.23) at 10 V, which showed a maximum brightness of 2991 cd/m2 at 8 V (75 mA/cm2) and a maximum efficiency of 1.36 cd/A. Finally, by ligand exchange process, the sulfur element could form coordination bonding with quantum dots, and PLED devices using these new QDs-containing organic/inorganic hybrid materials as light-emitting layers exhibit superior or comparable EL performance compared to those without quantum dots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-128
Number of pages13
JournalPolymer
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Keto-defect
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Polyfluorene

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