Synthesis and characterization of novel segmented polyurethane/clay nanocomposites

T. K. Chen, Y. I. Tien, Kung-Hwa Wei*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

492 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel segmented polyurethane(PU)/clay nanocomposite has been synthesized by polyurethane and organoclay. 12 aminolauric acid (12COOH) and benzidine (BZD) were used as swelling agents to treat Na + -montmorillonite and for forming organoclay (12COOH-mont and BZD-mont) through ion exchange. The nanometer-scale silicate layers of organoclay were completely exfoliated in PU in the cases of 1, 3 and 5% 12COOH-mont/PU and in the cases of 1 and 3% BZD-mont/PU nanocomposites as confirmed by X-ray diffraction pattern and transmission electron microscopy studies. The segmented structures of PU were not interfered by the presence of the silicate layers in these nanocomposites as evidenced by their glass transition and degree of phase separation from differential scanning calorimetry and Fourier transform infrared measurements. A two-fold increase in the tensile strength and a three-fold increase in the elongation were found for 1% BZD-mont/PU as compared to that of pure PU. Additionally, both 1% 12COOH-mont/PU and 1% BZD-mont/PU exhibited lower water absorption properties than that of pure PU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1345-1353
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Nanocomposites
  • Polyurethane
  • Silicate layers

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