Syntheses, crystal structures, resistivities and electronic structures of Hf5Al3-xSbx (x = 0.70, 1.44, 2.14)

Wen Heng Huang, Ming Yan Chung, Chi-Shen Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Three new hafnium aluminum antimonides Hf5Al3- xSbx (x = 0.70, 1.44, 2.14) were synthesized from pure elements in an arc-melting reaction; structures were solved from the X-ray diffraction data of single crystals. Al and Sb mixing produced two homogeneity ranges; the Mn5Si3 structural type was homogeneous for 0 ≤x ≤ 1.0, and the W5Si3 structure covered the range 2.0 ≤x ≤2.5. Both structures are condensations of two polyhedrons stacked along the c-axis. Calculations of the electronic structures revealed substantial contributions from Hf-Sb interactions; heteroatomic bonding in Hf-Al and Hf-Sb contacts affected the stabilities of these two phases. Measurements of the resistivity of polycrystalline samples revealed a dependence on temperature, indicating metallic behavior, consistent with the results of our calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)942-948
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chinese Chemical Society
Issue number7
StatePublished - 21 Oct 2013


  • Electronic structure
  • Intermetallics
  • Ternary alloy systems

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