Surface plasmon-enhanced and quenched two-photon excited fluorescence

C. Y. Lin*, C. H. Lien, K. C. Chiu, C. Y. Chang, S. H. Chang, T. F. Guo, S. J. Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated theoretically and experimentally that two-photon excited fluorescence is enhanced and quenched via surface plasmons (SPs) excited by total internal reflection with a silver film. The fluorescence intensity is fundamentally affected by the local electromagnetic field enhancement and the quantum yield change according to the surrounding structure and materials. By utilizing the Fresnel equation and classical dipole radiation modeling, local electric field enhancement, fluorescence quantum yield, and fluorescence emission coupling yield via SPs were theoretically analyzed at different dielectric spacer thicknesses between the fluorescence dye and the metal film. The fluorescence lifetime was also decreased substantially via the quenching effect. A two-photon excited total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy with a time-correlated single photon counting device has been developed to measure the fluorescence lifetimes, photostabilities, and enhancements. The experimental results demonstrate that the fluorescence lifetimes and the trend of the enhancements are consistent with the theoretical analysis. The maximum fluorescence enhancement factor in the surface plasmon-total internal reflection fluorescence (SP-TIRF) configuration can be increased up to 30 fold with a suitable thickness SiO2 spacer. Also, to compromise for the fluorescence enhancement and the fluorophore photostability, we find that the SP-TIRF configuration with a 10 nm SiO 2 spacer can provide an enhanced and less photobleached fluorescent signal via the assistance of enhanced local electromagnetic field and quenched fluorescence lifetime, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlasmonics
Subtitle of host publicationMetallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties VIII
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2010
EventPlasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties VIII - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 1 Aug 20105 Aug 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7757
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferencePlasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties VIII
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period1/08/105/08/10

Keywords

  • Fluorescence lifetime
  • Quantum yield
  • Surface plasmon
  • Two-photon excited fluorescence

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