Dry etching of undoped, n-GaN, p-GaN and InGaN laser structure was investigated by inductively coupled plasmas reactive ion etching (ICP-RIE) using Ni mask. As Cl2/Ar gas flow rates were fixed at 10/25sccm, the etched surface roughness has the lowest value of 0.2nm at constant ICP/bias power=300/100W and 5mTorr chamber pressure for undoped GaN. The highest etching rate of 12,000Å/min for n-GaN was achieved at 30mTorr, 300W ICP, 100W bias power using low Cl2 flow rate (Cl2/Ar=10/25 sccm) gas mixtures. The surface roughness was dependent of bias power and chamber pressure, and shows a low root mean square (rms) roughness value of about 1nm at 50W of bias power for n-GaN and p-GaN. For etching of InGaN laser structure using high Cl2 flow rate (Cl2/Ar=50/20sccm) and low chamber pressure 5mTorr, a smooth mirror-like facet of InGaN laser diode structure was obtained. Using these etching parameters, mirror-like facets can be obtained which can be used for the fabrication of nitride-based laser diodes. Moreover, at the fixed Cl2/Ar flow rate of 10/25sccm, ICP/bias power of 200/100W and chamber pressure of 30mTorr, the InGaN-based materials nanorods were fabricated with a density of about 108cm-2 and dimension of 50-100nm.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology|
|State||Published - 25 Mar 2004|
- Inductively coupled plasma (ICP)
- Laser diode
- Mirror-like facet