Research on dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC) is progressing at a rapid pace. The structural and electronic factors associated with ruthenium photosensitizers can have a significant effect on the performance of DSCs. This review emphasizes the recent developments and strategies employed in the structural design of ruthenium photosensitizers. The influence of molecular engineering on photophysical and electrochemical properties along with photovoltaic parameters and the efficiency of DSCs are also reviewed. Hence, drawing a correlation between the structure of photosensitizers, the properties and photovoltaic parameters of corresponding DSCs will be helpful in terms of optimizing new dyes for the generation of efficient solar cells.
- Dye-sensitized solar cell
- Solar energy conversion