Synthesized ternary intermetallic phases HfAl2-xCux in a series with (x = 0.49, 0.88, 1.04) are characterized as Laves phase structures. X-ray diffraction revealed homogeneity within ranges 0.2 ≤ x ≤ 0.5 and 0.7 ≤ x ≤ 0.9 for structure types MgCu2 and MgNi 2, respectively. When Cu atoms gradually replaced the Al atoms, the structure type altered in the sequence MgCu2 → MgNi2 → MgZn2, and the Kagomé nets were distorted with varied bond lengths. Measurements of physical properties revealed these phases to be metallic, with resistances 4.35 (x = 0.5), 5.85 (x = 0.7), and 6.50 (x = 0.9) mΩ cm, respectively, at temperature 300 K. The coloring schemes reveal that, upon increasing the proportion of Cu atoms, the stability of these phases correlated with the arrangements of the Al and Cu atoms. Calculated electronic structures indicate that the bonding character is consistent with the experimentally observed phase width.
- A. Laves phase
- B. crystal chemistry of intermetallics
- C. crystallography
- D. electrical resistance
- E. electronic structure