Methods and Results-Oscillatory flow activates SREBP2 and induces NLRP3 inflammasome in endothelial cells. The underlying mechanisms involve SREBP2 transactivating NADPH oxidase 2 and NLRP3. Consistently, SREBP2, NADPH oxidase 2, and NLRP3 levels were elevated in atheroprone areas of mouse aortas, suggesting that the SREBP2-activated NLRP3 inflammasome causes functionally disturbed endothelium with increased inflammation. Mimicking the effect of atheroprone flow, endothelial cell-specific overexpression of the activated form of SREBP2 synergized with hyperlipidemia to increase atherosclerosis in the atheroresistant areas of mouse aortas.
Conclusions-Atheroprone flow induces NLRP3 inflammasome in endothelium through SREBP2 activation. This increased innate immunity in endothelium synergizes with hyperlipidemia to cause topographical distribution of atherosclerotic lesions.
- atherosclerosis; endothelial cell; NLRP3 protein; human; shear stress; sterol regulatory element binding proteins KeyWords Plus:CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS-DISEASE; SHEAR-STRESS; CHOLESTEROL HOMEOSTASIS; RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST; HEART-DISEASE; UP-REGULATION; CELLS; MICE; INTERLEUKIN-1-BETA; REGIONS