Statistical control approach for sleep-mode operations in IEEE 802.16m systems

Chung-Hsien Hsu*, Kai-Ten Feng, Chung Ju Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The power-saving class of type I (PSC I), which is one of the sleep-mode operations specified in the IEEE 802.16e standard, is designed to reduce power consumption for nonreal-time traffic. However, the inefficiency of the PSC I comes from the configuration of its operation and the utilized mechanism of binary-exponential traffic detection. Based on the concepts of IEEE 802.16m sleep-mode operation, a statistical sleep window control (SSWC) approach is proposed to improve the energy efficiency of a mobile station (MS) with nonreal-time downlink traffic in this paper. The SSWC approach constructs a discrete-time Markov-modulated Poisson process (dMMPP) for representing the states of nonreal-time traffic. Furthermore, a partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP) is exploited within the SSWC approach to conjecture the present traffic state. Based on the estimated traffic state and the considerations of tolerable delay and/or queue size, two suboptimal policies, including the sleep ratio-based (SR) and energy cost-based (EC) policies, are proposed within the SSWC approach. The efficiency of the proposed SSWC approach is evaluated and compared via simulations. Simulation results show that the proposed SSWC approach outperforms the conventional IEEE 802.16e PSC I and the evolutional PSC I of the IEEE 802.16m system in terms of both energy conservation and packet delay.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5557834
Pages (from-to)4453-4466
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2010


  • IEEE 802.16e
  • IEEE 802.16m
  • nonreal-time traffic
  • power saving
  • sleep mode

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