Stasis Leg Ulcers: Venous System Revises by Triggered Angiography Non-Contrast-Enhanced Sequence Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Chien Wei Chen, Yuan Hsi Tseng, Min Yi Wong, Chao-Ming Wu, Bor-Shyh Lin, Yao-Kuang Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The distribution of venous pathology in stasis leg ulcers is unclear. The main reason for this uncertainty is the lack of objective diagnostic tools. To fill this gap, we assessed the effectiveness of triggered angiography non-contrast-enhanced (TRANCE)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in determining the venous status of patients with stasis leg ulcers. Methods: This prospective observational study included the data of 23 patients with stasis leg ulcers who underwent TRANCE-MRI between April 2017 and May 2020; the data were retrospectively analyzed. TRANCE MRI utilizes differences in vascular signal intensity during the cardiac cycle for subsequent image subtraction, providing not only a venogram but also an arteriogram without the use of contrast agents or radiation. Results: TRANCE MRI revealed that the stasis leg ulcers of nine of the 23 patients could be attributed to valvular insufficiency and venous occlusion (including deep venous thrombosis [DVT], May–Thurner syndrome, and other external compression). Moreover, TRANCE MRI demonstrated no venous pathology in five patients (21.7%). We analyzed TRANCE MRI hemodynamic parameters, namely stroke volume, forward flow volume, backward flow volume, regurgitant fraction, absolute volume, mean flux, stroke distance, and mean velocity, in the external iliac vein, femoral vein, popliteal vein, and great saphenous vein (GSV) in three of the patients with valvular insufficiency and three of those with venous occlusion. We found that the mean velocity and stroke volume in the GSV was higher than that in the popliteal vein in all patients with venous valvular insufficiency. Conclusions: Stasis leg ulcers may have no underlying venous disease and could be confirmed by TRANCE-MRI. TRANCE MRI has good Interrater reliability between Duplex study in greater saphenous venous insufficiency. It also potentially surpasses existing diagnostic modalities in terms of distinguishable hemodynamic figures. Accordingly, TRANCE-MRI is a safe and useful tool for examining stasis leg ulcers and is extensively applied currently.
Original languageEnglish
Article number707
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalDiagnostics
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Sep 2020

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