Spectral resolution in conjunction with polar plots improves the accuracy and reliability of FLIM measurements and estimates of FRET efficiency

Yi-Chun Chen, R. M. Clegg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

A spectrograph with continuous wavelength resolution has been integrated into a frequency-domain fluorescence lifetime-resolved imaging microscope (FLIM). The spectral information assists in the separation of multiple lifetime components, and helps resolve signal cross-talking that can interfere with an accurate analysis of multiple lifetime processes. This extends the number of different dyes that can be measured simultaneously in a FLIM measurement. Spectrally resolved FLIM (spectral-FLIM) also provides a means to measure more accurately the lifetime of a dim fluorescence component (as low as 2% of the total intensity) in the presence of another fluorescence component with a much higher intensity. A more reliable separation of the donor and acceptor fluorescence signals are possible for Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) measurements; this allows more accurate determinations of both donor and acceptor lifetimes. By combining the polar plot analysis with spectral-FLIM data, the spectral dispersion of the acceptor signal can be used to derive the donor lifetime - and thereby the FRET efficiency - without iterative fitting. The lifetime relation between the donor and acceptor, in conjunction with spectral dispersion, is also used to separate the FRET pair signals from the donor alone signal. This method can be applied further to quantify the signals from separate FRET pairs, and provide information on the dynamics of the FRET pair between different states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-37
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Microscopy
Volume244
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2011

Keywords

  • FLIM
  • Fluorescence lifetime
  • Frequency-domain
  • FRET
  • Homodyne
  • Linear unmixing
  • Polar plot
  • Spectral-FLIM
  • Spectrograph

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