Solder Reactions on Nickel, Palladium, and Gold

King Ning Tu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


In this chapter we shall discuss solder reaction with Ni, Pd, and Au. These metals and Cu are being used in under-bump metallization (UBM) or in bond pad, yet the role of Cu and Ni differs from that of Pd and Au. For Cu and Ni, the formation of intermetallic compound (IMC) of Cu-Sn or Ni-Sn is chosen so as to achieve metallic bonds in a solder joint. For Pd and Au, they have been used as surface coating to passivate the surface of Cu and Ni as well as to enhance wetting reaction. Typically, the surface of Cu is protected by a thin film of Au and that of Ni is protected by a film of Pd. Often Au is used on Ni too.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Series in Materials Science
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages26
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2007

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Materials Science
ISSN (Print)0933-033X
ISSN (Electronic)2196-2812


  • Eutectic SnPb
  • Eutectic SnPb Solder
  • Molten Solder
  • Solder Bump
  • Solder Joint

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