Sn-In-Ag phase equilibria and Sn-In-(Ag)/Ag interfacial reactions

Sinn Wen Chen*, Wan Yu Lee, Chia Ming Hsu, Ching Feng Yang, Hsin Yun Hsu, Hsin-Jay Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Experimental verifications of the Sn-In and Sn-In-Ag phase equilibria have been conducted. The experimental measurements of phase equilibria and thermodynamic properties are used for thermodynamic modeling by the CALPHAD approach. The calculated results are in good agreement with experimental results. Interfacial reactions in the Sn-In-(Ag)/Ag couples have been examined. Both Ag2In and AgIn2 phases are formed in the Sn-51.0 wt%In/Ag couples reacted at 100 and 150 °C, and only the Ag2In phase is formed when reacted at 25, 50 and 75 °C. Due to the different growth rates of different reaction phases, the reaction layer at 100 °C is thinner than those at 25 °C, 50 °C, and 75 °C. In the Sn-20.0 wt%In/Ag couples, the ζ phase is formed at 250 °C and ζ/AgIn 2 phases are formed at 125 °C. Compared with the Sn-20 wt%In/Ag couples, faster interfacial reactions are observed in the Sn-20.0 wt%In-2.8 wt%Ag/Ag couples, and minor Ag addition to Sn-20 wt%In solder increases the growth rates of the reaction phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-364
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2011


  • Alloys
  • Computer modeling and simulation
  • Intermetallic compounds
  • Metals
  • Phase equilibria

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