Single droplet combustion in a gravitational environment

Lung Weei Huang*, Chiun-Hsun Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


A theoretical analysis is developed to study the combustion characteristics of a fuel droplet in a gravitational field. The normalized governing system consists of the complete conservation equations in r-z coordinates and includes finite-rate global kinetics. The Clausius-Clapeyron law is applied at the liquid-vapor interface to describe the evaporation process. A modified body-fitted grid generation technique is used to handle irregular boundaries. The effects of changing the droplet diameter {Mathematical expression} and the gravity level {Mathematical expression} are investigated. Under the variation of droplet diameter, flame structures, including isotherms, flame shape, velocity vector field, and mass burning rate are studied in detail. The predicted results exhibit good agreement with experimental data. When the gravity level increases, the computed results show that the flame shape is sensitive to variation in gravity. A simple correlation, {Mathematical expression}, is found. Within the elevated gravity domain of experiment, the computed data agree well with measurements obtained by Okajima and Kumagai [10].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-423
Number of pages9
JournalWärme- und Stoffübertragung
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 1994

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