Simulation of ultrasonic-vibration drawing using the finite element method (FEM)

Masahiro Hayashi, Masahiko Jin*, Sutasn Thipprakmas, Masao Murakawa, Jung Chung Hung, Yu Chung Tsai, Ching-Hua Hung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


In ultrasonic-vibration drawing, wires are drawn while ultrasonic vibration is applied to a drawing die. Prior studies provide experimental proof that ultrasonic-vibration drawing reduces drawing resistance, improves lubrication and prevents wire breakage. In the future, ultrasonic-vibration drawing is expected to contribute to the drawing of difficult-to-draw materials and operations, such as shaped wires, ultrafine wires, and the wire drawing operation in semidry or dry condition. However, a detailed analysis and understanding of the mechanism of improvement is not possible on the basis of conventional experimental observations because the ultrasonic-vibration processing phenomenon occurs at high speed. Therefore, we attempted to understand the processing mechanism of ultrasonic-vibration drawing using the finite element method (FEM). ABAQUS was used for the FEM. Drawing force and stress-strain distributions in drawn wires were analyzed. From these studies, we quantitatively clarified the mechanism of improved drawing characteristics, such as decreased drawing force.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-35
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Issue number1-3 SPEC.
StatePublished - 22 Sep 2003


  • Drawing force
  • Finite element method (FEM)
  • Ultrasonic vibration
  • Wire drawing

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