Silicon nanowire field-effect transistor-based biosensors for biomedical diagnosis and cellular recording investigation

Kuan I. Chen, Bor-Ran Li, Yit Tsong Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

412 Scopus citations

Abstract

Silicon nanowire field-effect transistors (SiNW-FETs) have recently drawn tremendous attention as a promising tool in biosensor design because of their ultrasensitivity, selectivity, and label-free and real-time detection capabilities. Here, we review the recently published literature that describes the device fabrication and biomedical applications of SiNW-FET sensors. For practical uses, SiNW-FETs can be delicately designed to be a reusable device via a reversible surface functionalization method. In the fields of biological research, SiNW-FETs are employed in the detections of proteins, DNA sequences, small molecules, cancer biomarkers, and viruses. The methods by which the SiNW-FET devices were integrated with these representative examples and advanced to virus infection diagnosis or early cancer detection will be discussed. In addition, the utilization of SiNW-FETs in recording the physiological responses from cells or tissues will also be reviewed. Finally, the novel design of a three dimensional (3D) nano-FET probe with kinked SiNWs for recording intracellular signals will be highlighted in this review.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-154
Number of pages24
JournalNano Today
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Biomarker detection
  • DNA hybridization
  • Field-effect transistor
  • Peptide-small molecule interaction
  • Protein-protein interaction
  • Silicon nanowire
  • Three-dimensional localized bioprobe

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