Shifting the waterlines of satellite images to the mean water shorelines considering wave runup, setup, and tidal variation

Hsien-Kuo Chang*, Wei Wei Chen, Jin Cheng Liou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Shoreline evolution is a simple and common method to illustrate beach erosion or accretion in coastal engineering. Extracted waterlines on different satellite images are sometimes used for shoreline evolution. However, time-varying waterlines for tidal variation and wave runup are different from the shoreline at the mean water level. Waterline evolution may bring about misunderstanding of beach erosion or accretion. In a former study, the one-line shift method was proposed to determine the waterlines on a satellite image and to shift the waterlines to shorelines while only considering the tidal variation. The upward shift extension of the waterline due to wave runup and wave setup is considered. Some acceptable equations of wave runup were examined to correct the waterlines on three satellite images in one month when the foreshore beach slopes were specified. The suggested equation for wave runup includes both wave conditions and an average beachface slope at two points located shoreward and seaward away from mean water level by an equal distance of 62.5 m. When on-site shore bathymetrical measurement is sometimes unavailable, a method of minimizing the difference between the initially guessed and estimated foreshore beach slopes by the one-line shift method is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number096004
JournalJournal of Applied Remote Sensing
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • extreme runup
  • remote sensing
  • shoreline evolution
  • waterline extraction

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