Shear strength of concrete-encased composite structural members

C. C. Weng*, S. I. Yen, Cheng-Chih Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This study investigates the shear strength of composite steel and concrete members in which the steel shape is fully encased in concrete. Two types of shear failure-diagonal shear and shear bond-are examined in this study. Through understanding of these failure modes, a new approach is proposed to predict the shear capacities of composite members. Major parameters investigated include steel flange width, shear reinforcement, concrete strength, and applied axial load. To evaluate the accuracy of the proposed approach, a verification analysis is made by comparing shear capacities predicted by the proposed approach with previous test results. Furthermore, the shear capacities predicted by the proposed approach are also compared with those obtained by American and Japanese provisions. The results of the analysis and comparison indicate that the proposed approach yields satisfactory prediction of shear strength and provides a rational explanation on the mechanism of shear bond failure. A new term, the critical steel flange ratio, is introduced to distinguish the shear bond failure from the conventional diagonal shear failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1190-1197
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2001

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