Self-assembled monolayers of alkoxy-substituted octadehydrodibenzo[12] annulenes on a graphite surface: Attempts at peri-benzopolyacene formation by on-surface polymerization

Kazukuni Tahara, Koji Inukai, Noritaka Hara, Charles A. Johnson, Michael M. Haley, Yoshito Tobe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Self-assembled monolayers of a series of tetraalkoxy-substituted octadehydrodibenzo[12]annulene (DBA) derivatives 1c-g possessing butadiyne linkages were studied at the 1, 2, 4-trichlorobenzene (TCB) or 1-phenyloctane/graphite interface by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The purpose of this research is not only to investigate the structural variation of two-dimensional (2D) monolayers, but also to assess a possibility for peri-benzopolyacene formation by two-dimensionally controlled polymerization on a surface. As a result, the formation of three structures, porous, linear, and lamella structures, were observed by changing the alkyl chain length and the solute concentration. The formation of multilayers of the lamella structure was often observed for all compounds. The selection of molecular networks is basically ascribed to intermolecular and molecule-substrate interactions per unit area and network density. The selective appearance of the linear structure of Id is attributed to favorable epitaxial registry matching between the substrate lattice and the overlayer lattice. Even though the closest inter-atomic distance between the diacetylenic units of the DBAs in the lamella structure (≈0.6nm) is slightly larger compared to the typical distances necessary for topochemical polymerization, the reactivity toward external stimuli (electronic-pulse irradiation from an STM tip and UV irradiation) was investigated. Unfortunately, no evidence for polymerization of the DBAs on the surface was observed. The present results indicate the necessity for further designing a suitable system for the on-surface construction of structurally novel conjugated polymers, which are otherwise difficult to prepare.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8319-8328
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume16
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Dehydrobenzoannulene
  • Interfaces
  • Monolayers
  • Scanning probe microscopy
  • Self-assembly

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