Scavenging dynamics of photogenerated holes in poly(N-vinylcarbazole) films

Kazuya Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Asahi, Hiroshi Masuhara*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Diffusion-controlled scavenging of mobile holes under no applied electric field was observed directly in poly(N-vinylcarbazole) films, doped with 1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene (TCNB) as an electron acceptor and N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (TMPD) as a hole scavenger, by transient absorption spectroscopy. The scavenging of holes occurs mainly over several nanoseconds, and is complete within 1 μs. The mean diffusion length of the migrating holes was estimated to be ∼15 Å. A Monte Carlo simulation of 3-D diffusion in energetically disordered media was applied for analyzing the hole-scavenging behavior. The spatially restricted character of the hole migration was revealed by the simulation. A very slow (up to several tens of milliseconds) recombination of TMPD cations with TCNB anions was also observed, which was explained in terms of a long-range electron tunneling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18436-18444
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of physical chemistry
Issue number47
StatePublished - 21 Nov 1996

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Scavenging dynamics of photogenerated holes in poly(N-vinylcarbazole) films'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this