Scanning Probe Lithography Patterning of Monolayer Semiconductors and Application in Quantifying Edge Recombination

Peida Zhao, Ruixuan Wang, Der-Hsien Lien, Yingbo Zhao, Hyungjin Kim, Joy Cho, Geun Ho Ahn, Ali Javey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Scanning probe lithography is used to directly pattern monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) without the use of a sacrificial resist. Using an atomic-force microscope, a negatively biased tip is brought close to the TMD surface. By inducing a water bridge between the tip and the TMD surface, controllable oxidation is achieved at the sub-100 nm resolution. The oxidized flake is then submerged into water for selective oxide removal which leads to controllable patterning. In addition, by changing the oxidation time, thickness tunable patterning of multilayer TMDs is demonstrated. This resist-less process results in exposed edges, overcoming a barrier in traditional resist-based lithography and dry etch where polymeric byproduct layers are often formed at the edges. By patterning monolayers into geometric patterns of different dimensions and measuring the effective carrier lifetime, the non-radiative recombination velocity due to edge defects is extracted. Using this patterning technique, it is shown that selenide TMDs exhibit lower edge recombination velocity as compared to sulfide TMDs. The utility of scanning probe lithography towards understanding material-dependent edge recombination losses without significantly normalizing edge behaviors due to heavy defect generation, while allowing for eventual exploration of edge passivation schemes is highlighted, which is of profound interest for nanoscale electronics and optoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900136
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume31
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • edge recombination velocity
  • scanning probe lithography
  • LIGHT-EMITTING-DIODES
  • OXIDATION
  • MOS2

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