Scaling in the emergent behavior of heavy-electron materials

N. J. Curro*, Ben-Li Young, J. Schmalian, D. Pines

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


We show that the NMR Knight shift anomaly exhibited by a large number of heavy electron materials can be understood in terms of the different hyperfine couplings of probe nuclei to localized spins and to conduction electrons. The onset of the anomaly is at a temperature T*, below which an itinerant component of the magnetic susceptibility develops. This second component characterizes the polarization of the conduction electrons by the local moments and is a signature of the emerging heavy electron state. The heavy electron component grows as log T below T*, and scales universally for all measured Ce, Yb and U based materials. Our results suggest that T* is not related to the single ion Kondo temperature, TK, but rather represents a correlated Kondo temperature that provides a measure of the strength of the intersite coupling between the local moments. Our analysis strongly supports the two-fluid description of heavy electron materials developed by Nakatsuji, Pines and Fisk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2004

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