Route-based performance evaluation of Taiwanese domestic airlines using data envelopment analysis

Yu-Chiun Chiou*, Yen Heng Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Scopus citations


This study employs data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach to evaluate the performance of domestic air routes from the perspectives of cost efficiency, cost effectiveness and service effectiveness. A total of 15 routes operated by a Taiwanese domestic airline are examined. Three input variables, two production variables and two service variables are selected from the regression analysis. The results of DEA model demonstrate that ten routes are relatively cost efficient, five routes are relatively cost effective and four routes are relatively service effective. Improvements for all inefficient routes are proposed based on their slack values. Furthermore, this study also performs agglomerative hierarchical clustering analysis to categorize the routes into four clusters according to their efficiency and effectiveness scores of three perspectives. The characteristics and directions of improvement for each cluster are analyzed and proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-127
Number of pages12
JournalTransportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2006


  • Air routes
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Cost efficiency
  • Data envelopment analysis
  • Service effectiveness

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Route-based performance evaluation of Taiwanese domestic airlines using data envelopment analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this