Roles of additives in damascene copper electropolishing

Sue Hong Liu*, Jia Min Shieh, Chih Chen, Karl Hensen, Shih Song Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


This study explores how the dissolution of damascene Cu depends on accelerators of organic acids in alcohol-containing H3 P O4 electropolishing electrolytes. Four two-additive electrolytes that contain different accelerators, acetic, citric, citrazinic, and benzoic acids, are evaluated. At the bottom of damascene features, an esterification reaction between alcohols and organic acids efficiently forms a highly resistive layer and reduces the acidity of the solution. Accordingly, outside the damascene features, the rate of removal of Cu is dominated by the acidity of electrolytes but, inside the features, it is also determined by the resistance of the viscous layer. For a weak acidic additive, acetic acid, an extremely high additive concentration is introduced to sustain the moderate acidity of the solution to initiate intense esterification. Therefore, acetic-acid-based two-additive electrolytes exhibit excellent Cu planarization capability.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number6
StatePublished - 15 May 2006

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