Robust endpoint detection algorithm based on the adaptive band-partitioning spectral entropy in adverse environments

Bing-Fei Wu*, Kun Ching Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

In speech processing, endpoint detection in noisy environments is difficult, especially in the presence of nonstationary noise. Robust endpoint detection is one of the most important areas of speech processing. Generally, the feature parameters used for endpoint detection are highly sensitive to the environment. Endpoint detection is severely degraded at low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) since those feature parameters cannot adequately describe the characteristics of a speech signal. As a result, this study seeks the banded structure on speech spectrogram to distinguish a speech from a nonspeech, especially in adverse environments. First, this study proposes a feature parameter, called band-partitioning spectral entropy (BSE), which exploits the use of the banded structure on speech spectrogram. A refined adaptive band selection (RABS) method is extended from the adaptive band selection method proposed by Wu et al., which adaptively selects useful bands not corrupted by noise. The successful RABS method is strongly depended on an on-line detection with minimal processing delay. In this paper, the RABS method is combined with the BSE parameter. Finally, a novel robust feature parameter, adaptive band-partitioning spectral entropy (ABSE), is presented to successfully detect endpoints in adverse environments. Experimental results indicate that the ABSE parameter is very effective under various noise conditions with several SNRs. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm outperforms other approaches and is reliable in a real car.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-774
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2005

Keywords

  • Adaptive processing
  • Endpoint detection
  • Multiband analysis
  • Spectral entropy

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