Reuse of water treatment plant sludge and dam sediment in brick-making

Ch-Hpin Huang*, J. R. Pan, K. D. Sun, C. T. Liaw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations


In this study, an attempt was made to use water treatment plant (WTP) sludge and dam sediment as raw materials for brick-making through the sintering process. The sinter of dam sediment fired at 1,050°C had a less than 15% ratio water absorption, and its compressive strength and bulk density met the Chinese National Standard (CNS) for first level brick. The WTP sludge sinter made under the same operating condition exhibited higher water absorption, larger shrinkage, but poorer compressive strength. When fired at 1,100°C, the shrinkage of the WTP sludge sinter was as high as 45%, although its compressive strength and water absorption of WTP sludge brick still met the standard for the first level brick. To reuse WTP sludge in an economical way, mixtures of various proportions of WTP sludge to dam sediment are used as raw materials. A satisfactory result was achieved when the ratio of the WTP sludge was less than 20% of the mixture. Results of tests indicated that the sinter of dam sediments which are fired at a temperature of 1000∼1100°C has reached the requirement for tile brick.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-277
Number of pages5
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number10
StatePublished - 31 Dec 2001


  • Building brick
  • Compressive strength
  • Dam sediment
  • Sintering
  • WTP sludge

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