Reduction of electronic delay in active noise control systems - A multirate signal processing approach

Mingsian R. Bai*, Yuan-Pei Lin, Jienwen Lai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Electronic delay has been a critical problem in active noise control (ANC) systems. This is true whether a feedforward structure or a feedback structure is adopted. In particular, excessive delays would create a causality problem in a feedforward ANC system of a finite-length duct. This paper suggests a multirate signal-processing approach for minimizing the electronic delay in the control loop. In this approach, digital controllers are required in decimation and interpolation of discrete-time signals. The computation efficiency is further enhanced by a polyphase method, where the phases of low-pass finite impulse response (FIR) filters must be carefully designed to avoid unnecessary delays. Frequency domain optimization procedures based on H 1 , H 2 , and H norms, respectively, are utilized in the FIR filter design. The proposed method was implemented by using a floating-point digital signal processor. Experimental results showed that the multirate approach remains effective for suppressing a broadband (200-600 Hz) noise in a duct with a minimum upstream measurement microphone placement of 20 cm.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)916-924
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number2
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2002

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