In this review, we propose a new perspective to demonstrate the Gross conjecture regarding the high-energy symmetry of string theory. We review the construction of the exact string scattering amplitudes (SSAs) of three tachyons and one arbitrary string state, or the Lauricella SSA (LSSA), in the 26D open bosonic string theory. These LSSAs form an infinite dimensional representation of the SL(K+3,C) group. Moreover, we show that the SL(K+3,C) group can be used to solve all the LSSAs and express them in terms of one amplitude. As an application in the hard scattering limit, the LSSA can be used to directly prove the Gross conjecture, which was previously corrected and proved by the method of the decoupling of zero norm states (ZNS). Finally, the exact LSSA can be used to rederive the recurrence relations of SSA in the Regge scattering limit with associated SL(5,C) symmetry and the extended recurrence relations (including the mass and spin dependent string BCJ relations) in the nonrelativistic scattering limit with the associated SL(4,C) symmetry discovered recently.
- string scattering amplitudes
- Lauricella function