Recent advances in electromechanical imaging on the nanometer scale: Polarization dynamics in ferroelectrics, biopolymers, and liquid imaging

Sergei V. Kalinin*, Stephen Jesse, Brian J. Rodriguez, Katyayani Seal, Arthur P. Baddorf, Tong Zhao, Ying-hao Chu, Ramamoorthy Ramesh, Eugene A. Eliseev, Anna N. Morozovska, B. Mirman, Edgar Karapetian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coupling between electrical and mechanical phenomena is ubiquitous in nature, with examples ranging from piezoelectricity in polar perovskites and chemical bonds to complex pathways of electromechanical transformations underpinning the functionality of electromotor proteins, cells, and tissues. Piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) had originally emerged as a technique to study electromechanical phenomena in ferroelectric perovskites on the nanoscale. In recent years, the applicability of PFM for studying a broad range of non-ferroelectric polar materials has been demonstrated, necessitating further development of the technique, including theory of the image formation mechanism as well as probe and controller development. Here, we review the basic principles of PFM and summarize some of the recent advances, including switching spectroscopy, mapping of polarization dynamics in ferroelectric and multiferroic nanostructures, imaging of biopolymers in calcified and connective tissues and PFM in liquid environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5674-5685
Number of pages12
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume46
Issue number9 A
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Biological imaging
  • Electromechanics
  • Ferroelectric
  • Liquid imaging
  • Multiferroic
  • Piezoresponse force microscopy
  • Polymers
  • Switching spectroscopy

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    Kalinin, S. V., Jesse, S., Rodriguez, B. J., Seal, K., Baddorf, A. P., Zhao, T., Chu, Y., Ramesh, R., Eliseev, E. A., Morozovska, A. N., Mirman, B., & Karapetian, E. (2007). Recent advances in electromechanical imaging on the nanometer scale: Polarization dynamics in ferroelectrics, biopolymers, and liquid imaging. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers, 46(9 A), 5674-5685. https://doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.46.5674