Quantitative theory of thermal fluctuations and disorder in the vortex matter

Dingping Li*, Baruch Rosenstein, P. Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A metastable supercooled homogeneous vortex liquid state exists down to zero fluctuation temperature in systems of mutually repelling objects. The zero-temperature liquid state therefore serves as a (pseudo) 'fixed point' controlling the properties of vortex liquid below and even around the melting point. Based on this picture, a quantitative theory of vortex melting and glass transition in Type II superconductors in the framework of Ginzburg-Landau approach is presented. The melting line location is determined and magnetization and specific heat jumps are calculated. The point-like disorder shifts the line downwards and joins the order-disorder transition line. On the other hand, the disorder induces irreversible effects via, replica symmetry breaking. The irreversibility line can be calculated within the Gaussian variational method. Therefore, the generic phase diagram contains four phases divided by the irreversibility line and melting line: liquid, solid, vortex glass and Bragg glass. We compare various experimental results with the theoretical formula.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-111
Number of pages13
JournalPramana - Journal of Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2006


  • Glass transition
  • Melting transition
  • Vortex phase diagram

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