A simple and efficient method for purifying Xenopus transcription factor IIIA from the 7 S particle has been developed by taking advantage of the differential solubilities of the protein factor and 5 S RNA in ammonium sulfate solution. Conditions under which ammonium sulfate dissociates the 7 S particle and selectively precipitates factor IIIA while the 5 S RNA moiety remains in the supernatant were found. The method simultaneously purifies, in a nondestructive manner, both factor IIIA and 5 S RNA in high yield. Purification proceeds through several ammonium sulfate precipitations of the 7 S particle. Factor IIIA obtained by this method contains no detectable RNA and is highly active as judged by DNase I footprinting and in vitro transcription of the 5 S RNA gene, as well as reconstitution with 5 S RNA to form the 7 S particle. The molar extinction coefficients of factor IIIA at 205 and 280 nm were determined from the ultraviolet absorption spectra measured with the purified protein.
- 7 S particle
- ammonium sulfate precipitation
- transcription factor IIIA