Psychometric properties of the Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) in Chinese adolescents

Kwok Kei Mak*, Ching Man Lai, Chih Hung Ko, Chien Chou, Dong Il Kim, Hiroko Watanabe, Roger C.M. Ho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) was developed to assess Internet addiction in Chinese populations, but its psychometric properties in adolescents have not been examined. This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of CIAS-R in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. 860 Grade 7 to 13 students (38 % boys) completed the CIAS-R, the Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) in a survey. The prevalence of Internet addiction as assessed by CIAS-R was 18 %. High internal consistency and inter-item correlations were reported for the CIAS-R. Results from the confirmatory factor analysis suggested a four-factor structure of Compulsive Use and Withdrawal, Tolerance, Interpersonal and Health-related Problems, and Time Management Problems. Moreover, results of hierarchical multiple regression supported the incremental validity of the CIAS-R to predict mental health outcomes beyond the effects of demographic differences and self-reported time spent online. The CIAS is a reliable and valid measure of internet addiction problems in Hong Kong adolescents. Future study is warranted to validate the cutoffs of the CIAS-R for identification of adolescents with Internet use problems who may have mental health needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1237-1245
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Chinese
  • Internet addiction
  • Psychometric properties
  • Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale

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