Systematic transient analysis in water supply systems is intended to determine the reliability of water supply and the integrity of hydraulic devices when hydraulic transients (i.e., water hammers) occur. In the analysis, parameters such as wavespeed, pipe diameter, friction, and others, usually considered as known inputs in traditional water hammer models, are actually subject to uncertainties due to natural or human behaviors. The paper considers these uncertainties and investigates their effects on the reliability of water transportation systems and water supply networks under transient conditions with or without protection devices. In addition, the optimization of transient protection devices is also evaluated based on the probabilistic analysis. The results show that the probabilistic analysis method could inspect the influence of the different input uncertainties on the system responses under transient conditions and provide detailed information on the design for water supply systems and protection devices. A one-dimensional water hammer model of pipe fluid systems and Monte Carlo simulation method are used in this investigation.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management|
|State||Published - 1 Oct 2010|
- System reliability
- Water distribution systems
- Water supply