The photoinitiated polymerization of 2-chloro-1,4-phenylene bis[4-[6-(acryloyloxy)hexyloxy]benzoate] (1M) was studied. The monomer 1M exhibited a broad nematic phase between 24.9 and 113.7°C on a DSC cooling scan. It was oriented in its nematic phase at a substrate coated with polyimide and unidirectionally rubbed with a nylon cloth. During polymerization, the ordering of the liquid-crystal molecules was fixed, yielding a uniaxially crosslinked network. The clear liquid-crystal networks (LCNs) exhibited a birefringence between 0.14 and 0.19, depending on the polymerization temperature. Finally, a nonmesogenic diluent, tetra(ethylene glycol)diacrylate, was mixed with 1M, subsequently decreasing the birefringence of the obtained LCNs. The LCNs containing nonmesogenic diluent exhibited not only a smaller birefringence but also a weaker birefringence dispersion in the visible region.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1 Nov 1999|