Prediction of protein mutant stability using classification and regression tool

Liang Tsung Huang, K. Saraboji, Shinn-Ying Ho, Shiow Fen Hwang, M. N. Ponnuswamy, M. Michael Gromiha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations


Prediction of protein stability upon amino acid substitutions is an important problem in molecular biology and the solving of which would help for designing stable mutants. In this work, we have analyzed the stability of protein mutants using two different datasets of 1396 and 2204 mutants obtained from ProTherm database, respectively for free energy change due to thermal (ΔΔG) and denaturant denaturations (ΔΔGH2O). We have used a set of 48 physical, chemical energetic and conformational properties of amino acid residues and computed the difference of amino acid properties for each mutant in both sets of data. These differences in amino acid properties have been related to protein stability (ΔΔG and ΔΔGH2O) and are used to train with classification and regression tool for predicting the stability of protein mutants. Further, we have tested the method with 4 fold, 5 fold and 10 fold cross validation procedures. We found that the physical properties, shape and flexibility are important determinants of protein stability. The classification of mutants based on secondary structure (helix, strand, turn and coil) and solvent accessibility (buried, partially buried, partially exposed and exposed) distinguished the stabilizing/destabilizing mutants at an average accuracy of 81% and 80%, respectively for ΔΔG and ΔΔGH2O. The correlation between the experimental and predicted stability change is 0.61 for ΔΔG and 0.44 for ΔΔGH2O. Further, the free energy change due to the replacement of amino acid residue has been predicted within an average error of 1.08 kcal/mol and 1.37 kcal/mol for thermal and chemical denaturation, respectively. The relative importance of secondary structure and solvent accessibility, and the influence of the dataset on prediction of protein mutant stability have been discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-470
Number of pages9
JournalBiophysical Chemistry
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2007


  • Amino acid property
  • Amino acid substitution
  • Classification and regression tool, CART
  • Free energy change
  • Protein mutants
  • Thermal stability

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    Huang, L. T., Saraboji, K., Ho, S-Y., Hwang, S. F., Ponnuswamy, M. N., & Gromiha, M. M. (2007). Prediction of protein mutant stability using classification and regression tool. Biophysical Chemistry, 125(2-3), 462-470.