This paper discusses exiled Tibetans as involuntary migrants, and their survival strategies and economic mechanism. Exiled Tibetans developed “Tibetanness” because they are refugees with responsibility to preserve Tibetan culture and tradition. “Tibetanness” has been derived from political identity, shaping exiled Tibetan’s survival strategies and economic practice. Winter sweater-selling business in India and Tibetan carpet industry in Nepal are two cases to demonstrate how exiled Tibetans exercise their “Tibetanness” in the refugee economy. To making a living is the major purpose of refugee economy and it also serves as an implement for Tibetan cause: to seek justice for Tibetans and to preserve identity and language. This study is based on multi-sited ethnography and comparative methods on exiled Tibetans in India and Nepal to understand the commonality and difference of “Tibetanness.” The result has confirmed Karl Polany’s theory that market is embedded in society. Exiled Tibetans has found their way to limit the development of capitalistic way of wealth accumulation and competition, so that re-enforce their national solidarity.
|Translated title of the contribution||Practicng "Tibetanness" in the Market Place: Refugee Economy of Exiled Tibetans in India and Nepal|
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Number of pages||28|
|Journal||文化研究 Router: A Journal of Cultural Studies|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2018|
- exiled Tibetan, refugee economy, “Tibetanness”, Tibetan cause, religious ethics