人工智慧於司法實務之可能運用與挑戰

Translated title of the contribution: Possible Application and Challenge of Artificial Intelligence in Judicial Practice

Hung-Yu Chuang, 龍 建宇

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (“AI”) is a computer program imitating human thinking process, which uses efficient means to gather and analyze data. The AI technology has already been used in judicial practice for legal analysis, risk assessment, sentencing guideline, and forensic science. This technology could also be used to determine patent and trademark infringement and prosecution. Moreover, AI can also be used in analyzing crime hotspot and subsequently in predictive policing. Despite these benefits, some challenges indeed exist when applying AI in judicial practice. Artificial Intelligence could hardly deal with issues relating to logic and general knowledge. The AI decision-making process often creates discrimination and privacy concerns. Additionally, it is worth debating how to make the algorithm transparent and supervised. Using the algorithm and personal data should also comply with current legal rules. This article aims to address all the possible applications and challenges while using AI in judiciary, and then to conclude and suggest for the future usage.
Translated title of the contributionPossible Application and Challenge of Artificial Intelligence in Judicial Practice
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)43-108
Number of pages66
Journal國立中正大學法學集刊
Volume62
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Risk-Need Assessment Tool
  • Sentencing Guideline
  • Due Process
  • Forensic Science
  • Predictive Policing
  • Discrimination
  • Privacy
  • Reasonable Suspicion
  • General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
  • Transparency and Supervision

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