The material absorption can be enhanced by increased photonic density of state(PDOS). Here we demonstrate that through the design in the Brillouin zone of nanophotonic light trapping structures, the PDOS can be effectively increased. The theoretical work using rigorously coupled wave calculation shows the increased spectral absorption and the optimal quasiguided mode excitations in terms of their quality factors and the number of excited modes. The experimental work is currently ongoing and the preliminary result confirms enhanced short circuit current if the PDOS is properly adjusted. Unlike random structures, the proposed Brillouin zone engineered structures are more feasible from modeling and device process viewpoints.