Oxide-confined photonic-crystal (PhC) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on p-type GaAs substrate in the 830 nm range are reported. The device consists of a bottom distributed Bragg reflector (DBR), quantum wells (QWs), and a top DBR, with a photonic-crystal structure formed within the n-type ohmic contact ring for light extraction. The etching depth of the PhC holes is 17-pair out of the 22-pair top DBR being etched off. The internally reflected spontaneous light emission can be extracted out of PhC holes because of lower reflectance within those areas. High-resolution micrographic imaging studies indicate that the device emits light mainly through the photonic-crystal holes and it is suitable for optical communications.
- Light-emitting diodes