Phase equilibria of the Sn-Bi-Te ternary system

Chen Nan Chiu, Chia Ming Hsu, Sinn Wen Chen*, Hsin-Jay Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


Bi 2Te 3 is one of the most promising thermoelectric materials, and Sn is the primary constituent of most electronic solders. Knowledge of phase equilibria of the Sn-Bi-Te ternary system is important for thermoelectric applications. Twenty-seven Sn-Bi-Te alloys were prepared and equilibrated at 160°C and 500°C. The equilibrium phases were determined, and the isothermal sections were constructed based on three binary constituent phase diagrams and ternary phase equilibria results. No ternary compounds were observed in the Sn-SnTe-Bi region. The SnTe phase is very stable and has tie-lines with the Sn, liquid, and Bi phases at 160°C. At 500°C, in addition to the already known SnBi 2Te 4 and SnBi 4Te 7 ternary phases, two new ternary compounds (Sn 2Bi 2Te 5 and SnBiTe 2 phases) were found. SnTe and Bi 2Te 3 have significant mutual solubilities, and the ternary compounds SnBi 2Te 4, SnBi 4Te 7, and Sn 2Bi 2Te 5 are all in the SnTe-Bi 2Te 3 pseudobinary section.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-31
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • Bi Te
  • Sn
  • Thermoelectric
  • phase equilibria

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