PhantomLegs: Reducing virtual reality sickness using head-worn haptic devices

Shi Hong Liu, Neng Hao Yu*, Liwei Chan, Yi Hao Peng, Wei Zen Sun, Mike Y. Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Virtual Reality (VR) sickness occurs when exposure to a virtual environment causes symptoms that are similar to motion sickness, and has been one of the major user experience barriers of VR. To reduce VR sickness, prior work has explored dynamic field-of-view modification and galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) that recou-ples the visual and vestibular systems. We propose a new approach to reduce VR sickness, called PhantomLegs, that applies alternating haptic cues that are synchronized to users' footsteps in VR. Our prototype consists of two servos with padded swing arms, one set on each side of the head, that lightly taps the head as users walk in VR. We conducted a three-session, multi-day user study with 30 participants to evaluate its effects as users navigate through a VR environment while physically being seated. Results show that our approach significantly reduces VR sickness during the initial exposure while remaining comfortable to users.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication26th IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces, VR 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages817-826
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781728113777
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Event26th IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces, VR 2019 - Osaka, Japan
Duration: 23 Mar 201927 Mar 2019

Publication series

Name26th IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces, VR 2019 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference26th IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces, VR 2019
CountryJapan
CityOsaka
Period23/03/1927/03/19

Keywords

  • Centered computing
  • Haptics
  • Human
  • Interaction techniques
  • Locomotion
  • Virtual reality

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  • Cite this

    Liu, S. H., Yu, N. H., Chan, L., Peng, Y. H., Sun, W. Z., & Chen, M. Y. (2019). PhantomLegs: Reducing virtual reality sickness using head-worn haptic devices. In 26th IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces, VR 2019 - Proceedings (pp. 817-826). [8798158] (26th IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces, VR 2019 - Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/VR.2019.8798158