Periodontal Disease and Risks of Kidney Function Decline and Mortality in Older People: A Community-Based Cohort Study

Yung Tai Chen, Chia Jen Shih, Shuo Ming Ou, Szu Chun Hung, Chi Hung Lin, Der Cherng Tarng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The association between periodontal disease and chronic kidney disease in older people is controversial, and evidence for a causal link between kidney function decline and subsequent mortality risk is limited. Study Design Longitudinal, observational, community-based cohort study. Setting & Participants Participants were citizens 65 years or older who received the Taipei City Government-sponsored Annual Elderly Health Examination Program during 2005 to 2010, including dental status assessment and biochemical examinations. Predictors Participants with periodontal disease defined by the World Health Organization Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Need criteria. Outcomes All-cause and cardiovascular mortality and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline ≥ 30% over 2 years. Results Of 100,263 study participants, 13,749 (13.7%) had periodontal disease. In a mean follow-up of 3.8 years, all-cause and cardiovascular mortality rates in those with periodontal disease (11.5% and 2.6%, respectively) were higher compared with those without periodontal disease (6.7% and 1.6%, respectively). After adjustment for demographic characteristics, comorbid conditions, and biochemistry data, adjusted HRs for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were 1.34 (95% CI, 1.26-1.42) and 1.25 (95% CI, 1.13-1.41), respectively. The frequency of eGFR decline ≥ 30% over 1-, 2-, and 3-years' follow-up in those with periodontal disease was 1.8%, 3.7%, and 4.0%, respectively. In a logistic regression model, adjusted ORs of the detrimental effect of periodontal disease on 30% eGFR decline in participants over 1-, 2-, or 3-years' follow-up were 1.03 (95% CI, 0.85-1.25), 1.62 (95% CI, 1.41-1.87), and 1.59 (95% CI, 1.37-1.86), respectively. In subgroup analyses according to age, sex, and comorbid conditions, risks for eGFR decline and mortality remained consistent. Limitations Results may not be generalizable to other non-Asian ethnic populations. Conclusions The results indicate that periodontal disease is a risk factor for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and eGFR decline ≥ 30% over 2 to 3 years in older people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-230
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • cardiovascular mortality
  • chronic kidney disease (CKD)
  • CKD progression
  • dental status
  • estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)
  • Index Words Periodontal disease
  • mortality
  • older people
  • renal function

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