Perimeter and plug effects in deep sub-micron polysilicon emitter bipolar transistors

Joachim N. Burghartz*, Jack Y.C. Sun, Siegfried R. Mader, Carol L. Stanis, Barry J. Ginsberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The scaling limits of nonplanar polysilicon emitters are studied by fabricating and measuring NPN transistors with emitter depths between 10 nm and 25 nm, with emitter widths down to 0.2 μm, and with an epitaxial base as narrow as 50 nm. Excellent device characteristics can be achieved for an emitter depth of 25 nm. Transistors with shallower emitters are degraded by an arsenic depletion at the emitter perimeter and by plugging of the polysilicon in very narrow emitters. The dopant depletion at the perimeter for wide and plugged emitters has been verified by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) measurements. Additional rapid thermal annealing (RTA) gives more uniform dopant distribution and a nondegraded transistor with a 0.2 μm-wide, 20 nm-deep poly emitter. It is thought desirable to scale down the emitter poly thickness, to reduce the emitter topography, or to use in situ doping in order to overcome the perimeter and plug effects in very narrow bipolar transistors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5727465
Pages (from-to)55-56
Number of pages2
JournalDigest of Technical Papers - Symposium on VLSI Technology
StatePublished - 1990
Event1990 Symposium on VLSI Technology - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: 4 Jun 19907 Jun 1990

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