Part II: Phase transformation-induced bloating behavior in diopside glass-ceramics for microwave dielectrics

Chen Chia Chou, Kuei Chih Feng*, Igor P. Raevski, Li Wen Chu, Haydn Chen, Pin Yi Chen, Cheng Sao Chen, Hao Wei Lee, Chi Shun Tu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phase transformation and bloating behavior of CaMgSi2O6 glass-ceramics with ZrO2 nucleating agent using two-stage heat treatments were investigated as functions of annealing temperature. The specimens annealed below critical nucleation temperature (Tcn) and sintered at 950 °C exhibit significant bloating phenomena. Kinetic study of CaO-MgO-SiO2-ZrO2 (CMSZ) glasses annealed below Tcn reveals high activation energy of crystallization for the ZrO2 nucleation, and XRD refinement results show the least ZrO2 contents. The formations of fleeing oxygen and bloating are likely associated with high energy barrier of ZrO2 phase and zirconia dissolution in the CMSZ glass. Specimens annealed above the Tcn and sintered at 950 °C show significant reduction of activation energy of ZrO2 and enhanced densities. This work demonstrates that the bloating behavior of diopside glass-ceramics is attributed to the activation energy of nucleating agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-75
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Volume96
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Activation energy
  • Diopside
  • Glass-ceramics
  • Nucleating agent

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