Pallet loading method for single-size boxes with optimal stability

Fuh-Hwa Liu*, Chih Jen Hsiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The problem of finding an optimal loading layout for packing identical boxes onto a pallet is known as the pallet loading problem. If the boxes are stacked on their bottom, side, or end surfaces, the cube utilization of a pallet will increase, but the stability of the unit load may drop. To quantify the stability of the unit load, this paper defines the stability coefficient between any two adjoined layers. According to the stability coefficient, a method with five phases that packs boxes of the same size onto one pallet is proposed. The objective of this method is to maximize the smallest stability coefficient of the interface in the unit load based on the maximum cube utilization of a unit load. An example illustrates how the method works, and the method has been tested using 216 box sizes and 3 standard pallets combinations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-600
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the National Science Council, Republic of China, Part A: Physical Science and Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1997


  • 箱體
  • 棧板
  • 堆疊穩定度
  • 箱體疊棧
  • Distribution
  • Logistics
  • Packing
  • Pallet loading

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