Ownership and nonperforming loans: Evidence from Taiwan's banks

Jin-Li Hu, Yang Li, Yung Ho Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


We first derive a theoretical model to predict that the relation between nonperforming loan ratios and government shareholdings can be downward- sloping, upward-sloping, U-shaped, and inversely U-shaped. An increase in the government's shareholding facilitates political lobbying. On the other hand, private shareholding induces more nonperforming loans (NPLs) to be manipulated by corrupt private owners. We adopt a panel data set of forty Taiwanese commercial banks during 1996-99 for empirical analysis. The results show that the rate of NPLs decreased as the ratio of government shareholding in a bank rose (up to 63.51 percent), while the rate thereafter increased. Bank size was negatively related to the rate of NPLs. Rates of NPLs are shown to have steadily increased from 1996 to 1999. Banks established after deregulation, on average, had a lower rate of NPLs than those established before deregulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-420
Number of pages16
JournalDeveloping Economies
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • Asian financial crisis
  • Corrupt private sector
  • Immature civil seciety
  • Mixed ownership
  • Political lobbying
  • Riskey output

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