Orientation of single and two coupled polar molecules irradiated by a single laser pulse under a conical-well model is investigated theoretically. The orientation of a single hindered rotor shows a periodic behavior. In particular, the amplitude of the oscillation is sensitive to the degree of alternation of the laser field. Crossover from field-free to hindered rotation is observed by varying the hindering angle for different heights of conical wells. For a small hindering potential and angle, time-averaged orientation differs greatly from that for an infinite one. The orientation at a large hindering angle shows irregularlike behavior under strong dipole-dipole interaction. Entanglement induced by the dipole-dipole interaction is also calculated for the coupled-rotor system, in which the time-averaged entropy increases monotonically as the hindering angle is increased. The competition between the confinement effect and dipole interaction is found to dominate the behavior of the coupled-rotor system.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - 28 Mar 2006|