Optimized spiral Metal-Gallium-Nitride nanowire cavity for ultrahigh circular dichroism ultraviolet lasing at room temperature

Wei Chun Liao, Shu Wei Liao, Kuo Ju Chen, Yu Hao Hsiao, Shu Wei Chang, Hao-Chung Kuo, Min Hsiung Shih*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Circularly polarized laser sources with small footprints and high efficiencies can possess advanced functionalities in optical communication and biophotonic integrated systems. However, the conventional lasers with additional circular-polarization converters are bulky and hardly compatible with nanophotonic circuits, and most active chiral plasmonic nanostructures nowadays exhibit broadband emission and low circular dichroism. In this work, with spirals of gallium nitride (GaN) nanowires (NWRs) covered by a metal layer, we demonstrated an ultrasmall semiconductor laser capable of emitting circularly-polarized photons. The left- and right-hand spiral metal nanowire cavities with varied periods were designed at ultraviolet wavelengths to achieve the high quality factor circular dichroism metastructures. The dissymmetry factors characterizing the degrees of circular polarizations of the left- and right-hand chiral lasers were 1.4 and −1.6 (±2 if perfectly circular polarized), respectively. The results show that the chiral cavities with only 5 spiral periods can achieve lasing signals with the high degrees of circular polarizations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number26578
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

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