Optimization of the headspace solid-phase microextraction for determination of glycol ethers by orthogonal array designs

Ching Te Huang, Yang Yao Su, You-Zung Hsieh

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

A headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME), in conjunction with gas chromatography-flame ionization detection for use in the determination of six frequently used glycol ethers at the μg/l level is described. A 75 μm Carboxen-polydimethylsiloxane fiber was used to extract the analytes from an aqueous solution. Experimental HS-SPME parameters such as extraction temperature, extraction time, salt concentration and sample volume, were investigated and optimized by orthogonal array experimental designs. The relative standard deviations for the reproducibility of the optimized HS-SPME method varied from 1.48 to 7.59%. The correlation coefficients of the calibration curves exceeded 0.998 in the μg/l range of concentration with at least two orders of magnitude. The method detection limits for glycol ethers in deionized water were in the range of 0.26 to 3.42 μg/l. The optimized method was also applied to the analysis of glycol ethers in urine and blood samples with the method detection limits ranged from 1.74 to 23.2 μg/l.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume977
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2002

Keywords

  • Glycol ethers
  • Headspace analysis
  • Orthogonal array designs
  • Solid-phase microextraction

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